home: MAGUS (Multilingual Animal Glossary)

MAGUS: Multilingual Animal Glossary of Unveiled Synonyms. Part 8
Pan-European Dictionary of Common Names of Animals: Mammals and Birds in more than 50 languages of Europe

PART 8: Celtic languages and Basque
Basque
/Euskara, Breton/Brezhoneg, Cornish/Kernewek, Irish/Gaeilge, Manx Gaelic/ Yn Ghaelg Vannin, Scottish Gaelic/Gàidhlig, Welsh/Cymraeg 

go to:

1 Slavic languages (western and southern)

4 Germanic languages

7 Baltic and Ural-Altaic languages

2 Slavic languages (southern)

5 Romance languages (central)

8 Celtic languages and Basque 

3 Slavic languages (eastern)

6 Romance languages (western)

9 Other languages

 

Latinum

English

Breton (Brezhoneg)

Cornish (Kernewek)

Irish (Gaeilge)

Manx (Yn Ghaelg Vannin)

Scottish (Gaelic)

Welsh (Cymraeg)

Basque (Euskara)

 

AVES

BIRDS

EVNED

YDHYN

EANAÍ

EIN

EÒIN

ADAR

HEGAZTIAK

MAMMALIA

MAMMALS

BRONNEGED

BRONNVILLES

MAMACHAÍ

SHEEINTEE

MAMALAN

MAMOLION

MAMALIOAK

Accipiter gentilis

goshawk

gwazsparfell

goedh-hok

seabach

shawk vooar ny sperriu

gos-sheabhag

gwalch marthin

aztore

Accipiter nisus

sparrowhawk

sparfell c’hlas

sparrhok

spioróg, naile, speirsheabhac

hawk shawk sperriu

speireag

gwalch glas

gabirai

Alauda (arvensis...)

lark (skylark)

alc’hweder (alc'hweder sant Pęr)

ahwesydh

fuiseog, circín starraiceach

ushag y tappee

uiseag

ehedydd

hegatxabal

Anas platyrhynchos

mallard

houad-korz

mallart

mallard

laagh voirrey 

lacha

hwyaden wyllt

etxe-ahate

Anas platyrhynchos (domesticus)

duck

houad

hos

lacha

thunnag

tunnag

hwyaden

basahate

Anser anser

greylag goose

gwaz louet

 

gé ghlas

guiy glass  

gŵydd wyllt

antzara hankagorrizta

Anser anser (domesticus)

goose

gwaz

goedh

gé 

guiy

gèadh

gŵydd 

antzara

Aquila (chrysaetos ...), Haliaetus

eagle (golden eagle)

erer (erer meur)

er

iolar

urley buigh

iolair

eryr (eryr euraid)

arrano (arrano beltz)

Ardea (cinerea ...)

heron (grey heron)

kerc’heiz (kerc'heiz louet)

kerghydh

corr (corr réisc)

coar ny hastan

corra-ghritheach

crëyr (crëyr glas)

koartza (koartza hauskara)

Asio otus

long eared owl

toud penn-kazh

oula kernik

ceann cait

hullad eairkagh

cailleach-oidhche

tylluan gorniog

hontz ertain

Athene noctua

little owl

kaouenn vihan

korroula

ulchabhán beag

hullad veg

comhachag bheag

tylluan fach

mozolo

Bubo bubo

eagle owl

toud meur

oula bras

rí-ulchabhán

hullad vooar

cailleach-oidhche mhòr

tylluan fawr, tylluan eryraidd

hontz handi

Buteo buteo

buzzard

baou

bargos

clamhán

shirragh

àrmhaigh

bwncath

zapelatz

Ciconia (ciconia...)

stork

c’hwibon

hwibon wynn

storc

coar vane

corra-ghrian

ciconia

amiamoko

Columba (livia, palumbus ...)

pigeon

dube

kolomm

colm, colmán, colúr

calmane

calman

ysguthan, colomen

uso

Columba livia

rock dove

dubet

kolomm an garrek

colm aille, colu'r aille

calmane creggey

calman-creige

colomen y graig

haitz-uso

Corvus corax

raven

marc’hvran

bran vras

fiach dubh

feeagh

fitheach

cigfran

erroi

Corvus corone

crow

bran louet

bran

caróg dubh

fannag

starrag

brân

bele

Corvus monedula

jackdaw

kavan-tour

chogha

cág

caaig doo-chassagh

cathag

jac-y-do, jac-do

bele txiki

Coturnix coturnix

quail

koailh

rynk

gearg

quayl

gearradh-gort

sofliar

galeper

Cuculus canorus

cuckoo

koukoug

kog, koukou

cuach

cooag

cuach

cog

kuku

Cygnus (olor ...)

swan

alarc’h

alargh

eala

ollay

eala

alarch

beltxarga

Dendrocopus major

great spotted woodpecker

pilkoad bras

kasek koes vrith

mórchnagaire breac

snoggeyder mooar

cnag mhòr

cnocell fraith fwyaf

okil handi

Dendrocopus minor

lesser spotted woodpecker

pilkoad bihan

kasek koes vrith vyghan

mionchnagaire breac

snoggeyder breck

cnag bheag

cnocell fraith leiaf

okil txiki

Dryocopus martius

black woodpecker

speg du

kasek koes du

cnagaire dubh

snoggeyder doo

cnag dhubh

cnocell ddu, coblyn du

okil beltz

Erithacus rubecula

robin

boc'hruzig

rudhek

spideog

spittag

brù-dhearg

robin goch

txantxangorri

Falco (peregrinus ...)

falcon (peregrine falcon)

falc’hun (falc’hun kantreat)

falghun

fabhcún (fabhcún gorm)

shirragh y ree

seabhag

hebog (hebog tramor)

belatz handi

Falco tinnunculus

kestrel

falc’hun-logod

tygri

pocaire gaoithe

stannair ruy

clamhan ruadh

cudyll coch

belatz gorri

Gallus gallus

chicken, hen

kilhog, yar

yar

cearc

eean, (hen) kiark

cearc

cyw, iâr, cyw iâr

oilasko, oilo

Garrulus glandarius

jay

kegin

kegin

scréachóg

screeaghag cheylley

sgreuchag-choille

sgrech y coed

eskinoso

Gyps (fulvus ...)

vulture (griffon vulture)

gup (gup gell)

 

bultúr

      

fwltur, fultur

sai arre

Hirundo rustica

swallow

gwennili-siminal

gwennel

fáinleog

gollan geayee

aileag

gwennol

enara

Larus (canus ...)

gull (common/mew gull)

gouelan (gouelan louet)

goelann

faoileán

foillan bane

faoileag

gwylan (y gweunydd)

kaio,antxeta

Luscinia megarhynchos

nightingale

eostig

eos

filiméala

spittag oie

spideag

eos

urretxindor

Meleagris gallopavo

turkey

kilhog-indez

turki, yar Gyni

turcaí

kellagh frangagh

pulaidh

twrci

indioilar

Numida meleagris

guinea fowl

klujar-Spagn

gallina

guine

kiark injinagh, eeanlee injinagh

coileach innseanach (male)

iâr gini, combác, cochwat

pintada

Parus (major ...)

tit (great tit)

pennglaou

pennglow

meantán mór

drean mooar

currac-baintighearna

titw mawr

kaskabeltz

Passer (domesticus...)

sparrow

golvan

golvan

gealbhan

jallyn

gealbhonn

aderyn

txolarre

Pavo cristatus

peacock

paun

payon

péacóg

peacock, kellagh eairkagh

geasadach

paun

pauma

Perdix perdix

partridge

klujar c’hris

grugyar

patraisc

patrag

peurtag

petrisen

eper

Phasianus colchicus

pheasant

fazan-kolc’his

fesont

piasún

kellagh keylley / kiark cheylley

easag

ffesant

faisai

Pica pica

magpie

pig

piasenn

snag breac, meaig

pieanat

athaid

pioden

mika

Piciformes

woodpecker

speged

kasek

cnagaire

snoggeyder

cnag

cnocell (cnocell y coed)

piziformeak

Picus viridis

green woodpecker

kazeg-koad

kasek koes

cnagaire glas

snoggeyder glass

cnag ghlas

cnocell werdd

okil berde

Pyrrhocorax graculus

alpine chough

kavan beg melen

palores   caaig   brân goesgoch

belatxinga moko hori

Streptopelia turtur

turtle dove

turzhunell voutin

durenn

fearán

calmane coe

calman-tùchan

turtur

usapal

Strigiformes

owl

toud, kaouenn

kowann, oula

ulchabhán

hullad

cailleach-oidhche

tylluan

estrigiformeak

Strix aluco

tawny owl

kaouenn penn-tev

perthuan

ulchabhán donn

hullad ghoan

cailleach-oidhche

tylluan frech

urubi

Struthio camelus

ostrich

struskańval

strus

ostrais

eean roie, ostriçh

struth

estrys

ostruka

Sturnus vulgaris

starling

dred

trosen

druid

trutlag

druid

drudwen

arabazozo

Tetrao tetrix (=Lyrurus tetrix)

black grouse

skilgog du

kulyek du (m.), yar du (f.)

liathchearc

kellagh doo / kiark lheeah

eun-fraoich

grugiar ddu

lira-oilar

Tetrao urogallus

capercaillie

skilgog meur

kulyek kors

capall coille

cabbyl keylley

capal-coille

grugiar y coed

basoilar

Turdus merula

blackbird

moualc’h zu

molgh dhu

lon dobh

lhondoo

lon dubh

mwyalchen

zozo

Tyto alba

barn owl

grell voutin

oula ergh

scréachóg reilige

hullad vane

cailleach-oidhche

tylluan wen

hontz zuri

Latinum

English

Breton (Brezhoneg)

Cornish (Kernewek)

Irish (Gaeilge)

Yn ghaelg

Scottish (Gaelic)

 Welsh/Cymraeg

Basque

MAMMALIA

MAMMALS

BRONNEGED

BRONVILLES

MAMACHAÍ

SHEEINTEE

MAMALAN

 MAMOLION

MAMALIOAK

Arvicola terrestris

vole

muenn

logosenn gogh

vól

vole, mooar lugh famhalan-feòir, feurlagan

llygoden bengron

ekialdeko ur-arratoi

Bos bison

american bison

bizon amerika

 

bíosún meiriceánach

tarroo. (f) booa oaldey damh-mòr molach

bual americanaidd

bisonte amerikar

Bos bonasus

european bison, wisent

bizon europa

 

bíosún

      

bual, ych gwyllt

bisonte europar

Bos bubalus

buffalo

bual

bual

buaball

tarroo. (f) booa oaldey

buabhall

byfflo

bufalo

Bos taurus (primigenius)

cattle, cow

buoc’h

gwarthek, bugh

ba (plural), bo

ollagh oaldey, booa

crodh, ba (plural), bo

buwch

behi-azienda, behi

Camelus dromedarius

camel, dromedary

dremedal

kowrvargh, dremedal

camall, dromodaire

camyl, dronnag, drommeyder

càmhal

camel, camel rhedeg

dromedario

Canis lupus

wolf

bleiz

bleydh

mac tire, faolchú, madra alla

moddey oaldey

madadh allaidh

blaidd

otso

Canis lupus (familiaris)

dog

ki

ki

madra, gadhar, cú

moddey, coo

cu

ci

etxe-txakur

Capra hircus

goat

gavr

gaver

gabhar

goayr

gobhar

gafr

ahuntz

Capra ibex

ibex

kragvouc’h an alpoù

alpavar   ibagh, goar sleitagh  

alpafr

basahuntz

Capreolus capreolus

roe deer

yourc’h

yorgh

fia odhar

feeaih ruy

fiadh

iwrch

orkatz

Castor fiber

beaver

avank eurazia

lostledan, befer

béabhar

dooarchoo, doourchoo

leas-leathann, biobhair

afanc, llostlydan

kastore

Cavia porcellus

guinea pig

razh-indez

hogh gyni

muc ghuine

muc rangagh  gearra-mhuc

mochyn cwta

akuri

Cervus (elaphus ...)

deer (red deer)

karv (karv ruz)

karow

fia (fia rua)

feeaih. (buck) feeaih firryn

ruadh (fiadh)

carw (carw coch)

orein

Cervus dama

fallow deer

demm

 

fia buí

     

danas

adarzabal

Elephas maximus, Loxodonta africana

elephant

olifant

olifans

eilifint

elefant

ailbhean

eliffant

elefante

Equus asinus

ass, donkey

azen

asyn

asal

assyl 

asal

asyn

asto

Equus caballus

horse

marc’h

margh

capall, each

cabbyl  

each

ceffyl

zaldi

Erinaceus europaeus

hedgehog

heureuchin

sort

gráinneog

graynoge 

gràineag

draenog

triku

Felis silvestris

wildcat

kazh gouez

kath an koes

cat fiáin eorpach

kayt oaldey, kayt ny keylley 

cat fiadhaich

cath wyllt

basakatu

Felis silvestris (domesticus)

cat

kazh

kath

cat

kayt

cat

cath

katu

Lepus europaeus

hare

gad

skovarnek

giorria

mwaagh

geàrr

ysgyfarnog

erbi

Lutra lutra

otter

dourgi

dowrgi

madra uisce, cú dobhráin

moddey ushtey

dòbhran

dyfrgi

igaraba

Lynx lynx

lynx

lińs

lyns

lincse

lynks 

lioncs

lyncs

ipar katamotz

Marmota marmota

marmot

moregan an alpoù

praski

marmat

lugh slieau  

twrlla, marmot

marmota

Martes (martes, foina)

marten

mart

yewgenn

cat crainn

kayt billey 

taghan

bele

lepahori

Meles meles

badger

broc’h

brogh

broc

brock

broc

mochyn daear

azkonar

Mesocricetus, Cricetus

hamster

hamster

hamster

hamstar

roddaan puissagh 

hamstair

bochdew

hamster

Mus

mouse

logodenn di

logosenn

luch thí

lugh 

luch

llygoden

sagu

Mustela (nivalis)

weasel (least weasel)

kaerell

konna-gwynn

bláthnaid ghallda

assag  

neas bheag

bronwen, gwenci

erbinude

Mustela erminea

stoat, ermine

erminig

ermin, kath pali

easóg

assag/assag rangagh 

radan airmeinianach

carlwm

erbinude zuri

Mustela putorius

polecat

pudask

yewgenn

firéad

assag vuinnaght, kayt ny giark

feòcallan

ffwlbart

ipurtats

Mustela putorius furo

ferret

fured

konna-gwynn dov

cat coille, toghán

kayt ny giark, ferrad 

fearaid

ffured

hudo

Myoxus glis (=Glis glis), Muscardinus, Dryomys

dormouse

hunegan gris

hunegan

luch hodlamáin, dallóg fhéir

cadlay, lugh vagheragh, doallag 

dallag-an-fheòir

pathew

muxar

Ondatra zibethicus

muskrat

razh-musk

 

muscfhrancach

musk roddan 

radan molach

mwsglygoden, llygoden fwsg

arratoi musketadun

Oryctolagus cuniculus

rabbit

konikl

konin

cóinín

conning

coineanach

cwningen

untxi

Ovis aries aries

sheep

dańvad

davas

caora

keyrrey 

caora

dafad

ardi

Ovis aries musimon

mouflon

mouflon

         

mwfflon

mufloi

Pipistrellus, Nyctalus ... (Chiroptera)

bat

logodenn-dall

askell-groghen

ialtóg

craitnag

ialtag

ystlum

saguzar

Rattus (rattus, norvegicus)

rat

razh

logosen vras, rath

francach dubh, luch francach, luchóg mhor

roddan

radan

llygoden fawr /llygoden ffrengig

arratoi

Rupicapra rupicapra

chamois

chamoez

gaver an menydhyow   goayr ny greg

somar

gafrewig

sarrio

Sciurus vulgaris

squirrel

gwińver rous

hwistel

iora, madra crainn

roddan biljagh

feòrag

gwiwer

katagorri

Sorex (araneus, minutus...)

shrew

minoc’h korrik

logosen myn-hogh, whystel

dallóg fhraoigh

thollogaiyr

dallag-an-fhraoich

llyg

satitsu

Sus scrofa (domesticus)

pig

hoc’h

hogh

muc

muc, muck

muc

mochyn

txerri

Sus scrofa (ferus)

wild boar

hoc’h gouez

 

torc, torc allta

   

torc

baedd gwyllt

basurde

Talpa europaea

mole

goz

goth

caochán

kyaghan 

dallag

gwahadden, twrch daear

sator

Ursus (arctos...)

bear

arzh gell

ors

béar donn

maghouin 

mathan

arth

hartz

Vulpes vulpes

fox

louarn rous

lowarn

sionnach, madra rua

shynnagh

sionnach

cadno, llwynog

azeri


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