home: MAGUS (Multilingual Animal Glossary)

MAGUS: Multilingual Animal Glossary of Unveiled Synonyms. Part 5
Pan-European Dictionary of Common Names of Animals: Mammals and Birds in more than 50 languages of Europe

PART 5: Romance languages - central
Friulian
/Furlan, Italian/Italiano, Ladin/Ladin, Romansh (Rhaeto-Romance)/Rumantsch, Romanian/Româna, Sardinian (Sardo)/Sardu a

go to:

1 Slavic languages (western and southern)

4 Germanic languages

7 Baltic and Ural-Altaic languages

2 Slavic languages (southern)

5 Romance languages (central)

8 Celtic languages and Basque

3 Slavic languages (eastern)

6 Romance languages (western)

9 Other languages

 a Sardo is extremely rich in synonyms. On the other hand, the same common names may be used to represent different species. The list beneath contains only a few selected terms. For more terms and uses check the extended List of Birds and Mammals in Sardo.

Latinum

English

Italiano

Friulian

Ladin

Romansh

Sardinian

Romanian

 

AVES

BIRDS

UCELLI

UCIEI

UCELI

UTSCHELS

PILLONIS/ PUTZONES

PĂSĂRI

MAMMALIA

MAMMALS

MAMMIFERI

MAMIFARS

MAMIFERI 

MAMMALS

MAMMÌFERUS

MAMIFERE

Accipiter gentilis

goshawk

astore

cagnŕs

sparvel gran

sprer (sprer gond, sprer da giaglinas)

stori columbinu, istore lepperajolu

uliu porumbar

Accipiter nisus

sparrowhawk

sparviero

sparvâl

sparvel pice

sprer (sprer pitschen)

astorittu feridori, scatta de pisci, astoreddu

uliu păsărar

Alauda (arvensis...)

lark (skylark)

lodola

lodule, odule

lodola

lodola

allňdola

ciocârlie

Anas platyrhynchos

mallard

germano reale

masurin, mazar, mazorin, raze grande

anera salvaria

anda selvadia

anadi conca birdi, conchirde, testirde

raţă mare

Anas platyrhynchos (domesticus)

duck

anatra

raze

anera

anda

craccacciola, pabidoi, anadre, anadi

raţă

Anser anser

greylag goose

oca selvatica

ocje salvadie, ocje di prât

aucia salvaria

auca grischa

 

gâscă de vară

Anser anser (domesticus)

goose

oca

ocje

aucia

auca

coca, oca,

gâscă

Aquila (chrysaetos ...), Haliaetus

eagle (golden eagle)

aquila (aquila reale)

acuile

eguia

evla (evla dela pizza)

ŕcuila, altanera, ŕbbile, ŕbbila

acvilă (acvilă de munte

Ardea (cinerea...)

heron (grey heron)

airone (airone cenerino)

airon

airon

irun (irun grisch)

perdigiorronadas, mengoni, menga, garza

stîrc (stîrc cenuşiu)

Asio otus

long eared owl

gufo comune

çus

ciuita

piv mesaun

cuccumeu, cuccummiau, cuccu, cuccumeň

ciuf

Athene noctua

little owl

civetta

civuite

ciuita

tschuetta da la mort

(i-)stria, puzone de s’istria, tirulia, cuccumeu

cucuveauă

Bubo bubo

eagle owl

gufo reale

dűc, dűt

duch, puin

piv grond

cuccu, cuccumeu

bufniţă

Buteo buteo

buzzard

poiana

cagne, poiane

gabinel

girun da mieurs

stori furapuddas, tappŕiu, pilloni farrancau

şorecar

Ciconia (ciconia...)

stork

cicogna

cicogne

zicogna

cicogna

cicňnnia, tziconna

barză-albă

Columba (livia, palumbus ...)

pigeon

piccione

colomp

colomba

columba

piccioni aresti, caombu, palumba, columbu

porumbel

Columba livia

rock dove

piccione selvatico

colomp salvadi

colomba salvaria

columba selvadia

columbu aresti/agreste, columbu de is arrocas

porumbel de stâncă

Corvus corax

raven

corvo

corvat

corf

corv grond

tivani, crobu, crŕ, corvai, corbittu

corb

Corvus corone

crow

cornacchia

çore, corvat piçul, cornile

agacion

corv nair

carroga, corranc(r)a, giacu

cioară grivă

Corvus monedula

jackdaw

taccola

cornete, çore cenerine

agacion, cornacia

tulaun (curnagl grisch)

tŕccula, carroga, carroghedda

stăncuţă

Coturnix coturnix

quail

quaglia

cuaie

caia

quacra, quaiglia

xrěcchibi, trepotčs, cricchibě, guŕgliulu, cualla

prepeliţă

Cuculus canorus

cuckoo

cuculo

cuc, cuců, cucuc

cuch

cucu

cucu(-i), cucuperra(-i), cucuevvai, cucumarei

cuc

Cygnus (olor ...)

swan

cigno

cesen, cign

zign

cign

sěsini, cisne, tzignu

lebădă

Dendrocopus major

great spotted woodpecker

picchio rosso maggiore

pic de corone

becalen gran

pitgalain grond

biccalinna, biccamuru, biccamatta

ciocănitoare mare

Dendrocopus minor

lesser spotted woodpecker

picchio rosso minore

pic piçul

becalen pice

pitgalain pitschen

above names + adj. piticu / pistrincu

ciocănitoare

Dryocopus martius

black woodpecker

picchio nero

pic neri, pic, picot

becalen fosch

pitgalain nair

above names + adj. nieddu /-a

ciocănitoare neagră

Erithacus rubecula

robin

pettirosso

petarňs, scriç

pietcuecen

puppen cotschen

scraxarrůbiu, pitturrarrůbiu, brabarrůbia

guşă-roşie

Falco (peregrinus ...)

falcon (peregrine falcon)

falco (falco pellegrino)

falcon

falcon

falcun (falcun pelegrin)

ŕcchili piscadrixi, tilibriu, astori perdighinu

şoim (-câlâtor)

Falco tinnunculus

kestrel

gheppio

falcuç di cjampanili

filadressa

crivel

tzrepedderi, spradderi

vânturel roşu

Gallus gallus

chicken, hen

pollo, gallina

poleç, gjaline

gialina

pulschain, giaglina

caboniscu, caboni, puddone, puddu

pui, găină

Garrulus glandarius

jay

ghiandaia

gjaie, badascule

gacia

sgragia

piga, pica, mar(i)abiga, melapica

gaiţă

Gyps (fulvus ...)

vulture (griffon vulture)

grifone (avvoltoio)

variűl

valtoi

tschess (tschess cularin)

bentruxiu, untruxu, murru

vultur,vultur sur

Hirundo rustica

swallow

rondine

cisile, sisile

rondola

randulina

mongixedda, arrůndine/-i

rândunică, lăstun

Larus (canus ...)

gull (common/mew gull)

gabbiano (gavina)

cocâl, smurgnic

gabian

muetta (muetta da tschendra)

(u-)cau marinu, laru, gavina

pescăruş

Luscinia megarhynchos

nightingale

usignolo

rusignűl, usignűl

roscignol

luschaina

arrissiuolu, arrassanajolu, passirillanti

privighetoare

Meleagris gallopavo

turkey

tacchino

dindi, dindiat

tachin

galdin

dindu, caboni de ěndias, pudda d’ěndia

curcan

Numida meleagris

guinea fowl

faraona

faraone, gjaline faraone

faraona

giaglina perlada

magliocchina, pudda de ěndias

bibilică

Parus (major ...)

tit (great tit)

cinciallegra

parussule, parusse

mosela

maset (maset grond)

acutzaferru, tzerri-tzerri, béccidi

piţigoi

Passer (domesticus...)

sparrow

passera

passare

spoz

pasler

crucculeu, gruccůcciu, furfurinu

vrabie

Pavo cristatus

peacock

pavone

pavon

pavon

pavun

baboni, pavone/-i, p(a)oni

păun

Perdix perdix

partridge

starna

pernîs

gialina da mont

pernisch (pernisch grischa)

perdixi cixinali, perdighe d’abba

potârniche

Phasianus colchicus

pheasant

fagiano

fasan

fasan

fasan

pidraxu, fagianu, fazanu

fazan

Pica pica

magpie

gazza

cheche

gacia

giazla

piga, malabiga, mar(i)abiga

coţofană

Piciformes

woodpecker

picchio peto

pic

becalen

pitgalain

biccalinna, biccamuru, biccamatta

ciocănitoare

Picus viridis

green woodpecker

picchio verde

pic vert

becalen vert

pitgalain verd

above names + adj. bidri, birde/-i

ghionoaie (ciocănitoare) verde

Pyrrhocorax graculus

alpine chough

gracchio alpino

çorin, çuvrin, curnile, curnîl, agaçon, mierli di mont, corvat di mont

agacion

curnagl

carroghedda de monti, corroga de monte

 

Streptopelia turtur

turtle dove

tortora

tortorele

 

turturella

trůtture/-i, truvamassaju

turturică

Strigiformes

owl

strige (?)

çus

ciuita

tschuetta

tirulia, cuccumeu, (i-)stria

bufniţă

Strix aluco

tawny owl

allocco

catůs

ciuch

tschuetta da guaud

cuccubaju

huhurez

Struthio camelus

ostrich

struzzo

struç

struz

strut

(a-)bistrussu, istrutzu

struţ

Sturnus vulgaris

starling

storno

sturnel

storno

sturnel

istůrulu campinu, sturru grandinau

graur

Tetrao tetrix (=Lyrurus tetrix)

black grouse

gallo forcello, fagiano di monte

gjal forcjŕs, gjal forcel, forcel

gial fosch

cot / gialina da draussa

pidraxu de monti, cirolitta

cocoş-de-mesteacăn

Tetrao urogallus

capercaillie

urogallo, gallo cedrone

gjal di mont, gjal cedron

gial grisc

cot / gialina da taus

 

cocoş-de-munte

Turdus merula

blackbird

merlo

mierli

merlo

merlotscha

picchiaranzu, mérula, meurra

mierlă-neagră

Tyto alba

barn owl

barbagianni

barbezuan

 

tschuetta velada

cuccufiu, (i-)stria bianca

strigă

Latinum

English

Italiano

Friulian

Ladin

Romansh

Sardinian

Romanian

MAMMALIA

MAMMALS

MAMMIFERI

MAMIFARS

MAMIFERI

MAMMALS

MAMMĚFERUS

MAMIFERE

Arvicola terrestris

vole

arvicola

surîs di campagne

 

mieursfuigna

topi de campagna, sóriche de sartu

 

Bos bison

american bison

bisonte americano

bisont american

bisont american

bison american

boi/boe americanu

bizon

Bos bonasus

european bison, wisent

bisonte europeo

bisont european

bisont european

bison europaic

boi/boe europeu

zimbru

Bos bubalus

buffalo

bufalo

bufal, bo salvadi

bo salvare

bov selvadi

boe aresti, búfalu

bivol

Bos taurus (primigenius)

cattle, cow

bovino, vacca

bovin/nemâl, vacje

arment, vacia

bov; vatga

bulu, óinu, bŕcchinu, bóinu; bacca, vacca

vită, vacă

Camelus dromedarius

camel, dromedary

cammello, dromedario

camęl, dromedari

camel

chamel; dromedar

cam(m)ellu, dromedŕriu

cămilă, dromader

Canis lupus

wolf

lupo

lôf

louf

luf

lupu

lup

Canis lupus (familiaris)

dog

cane

cjan

cian

chaun

cani/cane, perru, catteddu

câine

Capra hircus

goat

capra

cjavre

cioura

chaura

craba, becca

capră

Capra ibex

ibex

stambecco

stambec

stambech

capricorn / stambutg

craba de monti, istambeccu

capră de stâncă, ibex

Capreolus capreolus

roe deer

capriolo

cjavrűl

capriol

chavriel

crabiolu, bettu, betta, crabolu

căprior, căprioară

Castor fiber

beaver

castoro

castôr

castour

castur

castorru, castoro

castor

Cavia porcellus

guinea pig

cavia

cavie

porcel de mar

portg da mar

cŕvia

cobai

Cervus (elaphus...)

deer (red deer)

cervo (cervo nobile)

cierf

cerf

tschierv (tschierv cotschen)

crebu, crefu, cherbu, chervu

cerb (cerb comun)

Cervus dama

fallow deer

daino

dame

 

dam

crabriolu, crabolu, damma, sulone

cerb lopătar

Elephas maximus, Loxodonta africana

elephant

elefante

elefant

elefant

elefant

elefante/elefanti

elefant

Equus asinus

ass, donkey

asino

mus

musc

asen

burriccu, molenti, molingianu, ŕinu

măgar

Equus caballus

horse

cavallo

cjaval

ciaval

chaval

cubaddu, acchettu, coallu

cal

Erinaceus europaeus

hedgehog

riccio

riç

igl

erizun

arritzoni (de matta), grixoni, berittu

arici

Felis silvestris

wildcat

gatto selvatico

gjat salvadi

giat salvare

giat selvadi

gattu areste/-i, battu areste

pisică sălbatică

Felis silvestris (domesticus)

cat

gatto

gjat

giat

giat

gattu, pisittu, muscittu/-a, pisiddu, battu

pisică

Lepus europaeus

hare

lepre

jeur, gneur

liever

lieur

léppuri, brincis, peldelana

iepure de câmp

Lutra lutra

otter

lontra

lodre

lontra

ludra

lontra

vidră

Lynx lynx

lynx

lince

linç

lustrel

luf tscherver

linci, lintze

râs

Marmota marmota

marmot

marmotta

marmote

marmota

muntanella

marmotta, drummiccioni

marmotă

Martes (martes, foina)

marten

martora

mardar, martar

meder

fiergna

schirri, isbirru, marta, martzu

jder

Meles meles

badger

tasso

tac, tas

tas

tais

tassu, cane de ribu

viezure

Mesocricetus, Cricetus

hamster

criceto

cricęt

 

furmanter, raffun, raspun

 

hamster/hîrciog

Mus

mouse

topo

surîs, surie

soricia

mieur

medrona, topi, sórixi

şoarece

Mustela (nivalis)

weasel (least weasel)

donnola

bilite

belora

mustaila

bucca de mele, bucchemeli

nevăstuică

Mustela erminea

stoat, ermine

ermellino

armelin

armelin

ermelin

ermellinu

hermelină

Mustela putorius

polecat

puzzola

puçul, pufe, pudîs, spuç

  

telpi

půtzola

dihor

Mustela putorius furo

ferret

furetto

pudîs blanc

  

furet

furittu, fughittu

nevăstuică

Myoxus glis (=Glis glis), Muscardinus, Dryomys

dormouse

driomio

glîr

ghiro

durmigliet

topi de venadroxu, medrona de tzirva

şoarece de pădure

Ondatra zibethicus

muskrat

topo muschiato

  

  

undatra

medrona muscada, topi muscau

bizam

Oryctolagus cuniculus

rabbit

coniglio

cunin

conicio

cunigl

cunillu, cacciappu

iepure de vizuină

Ovis aries aries

sheep

pecora

piore, fede

biescia

nursa

brebei, barveghe, chessi, tzicca

oaie

Ovis aries musimon

mouflon

muflone

muflon

muflon

muflon

mruvoni, mugra, muva, murgone

muflon

Pipistrellus, Nyctalus ... (Chiroptera)

bat

pipistrello

gnotul

netola

utsch mezmieur

tzurrundeddu, tzuntzuritti, nappa

liliac

Rattus (rattus, norvegicus)

rat

ratto

pantiane

roza

ratun

see: Mus

şobolan

Rupicapra rupicapra

chamois

camoscio

cjamoç

ciamorc

chamutsch

camussa, crabu aresti, camůsciu

capră neagră

Sciurus vulgaris

squirrel

scoiattolo

sghirat, sghirate

schirata

stgilat

schirrittu, schirrimatta, iscojŕttulu

veveriţă

Sorex (araneus, minitus...)

shrew

toporagno

musan

moscil

misarogn

  

scorpie

Sus scrofa (domesticus)

pig

maiale

purcit

porcel

portg

procu, tzotzu, tzotzoi, mannali

porc

Sus scrofa (ferus)

wild boar

cinghiale

cenglâr

porcel salvare

portg selvadi

sriboni, mardi de sirba, porcu de ludu

mistreţ

Talpa europaea

mole

talpa

farc

talpina

talpa

talpa, topi, tarpa

cârtiţă, aluniţă

Ursus (arctos...)

bear

orso

ors

lors

urs

ursu, ůssulu

urs

Vulpes vulpes

fox

volpe

bolp, volp

volp

vulp

mrexani, fraitzu, liori, grupi

vulpe

 


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